Karakteristik Morfologi dan Morfometrik Lebah Madu Tak Bersengat (Apidae; Melliponinae) pada Koloni di Daerah Pesisir Pulau Ambon

Morphological and Morphometric Characteristics of Stingless Bee (Apidae; Melliponinae) in the Colonies on Coastal Areas of Ambon Island

  • Jacobus S A Lamerkabel Jurusan Budidaya Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Pattimura, Jl. Ir. M. Putuhena, Kampus Poka, Ambon 97233, Indonesia
  • Victor G Siahaya Jurusan Budidaya Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Pattimura, Jl. Ir. M. Putuhena, Kampus Poka, Ambon 97233, Indonesia
  • Wulandari Saepuloh Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Pattimura, Jl. Ir. M. Putuhena, Kampus Poka, Ambon 97233, Indonesia
  • Anang Lastriyanto Jurusan Keteknikan Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Brawijaya, Jl. Veteran Malang 65145, Indonesia
  • Mochammad Junus Minat Produksi Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya, Jl. Veteran Malang 65145, Indonesia
  • Erwan Erwan Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Mataram, Jl. Majapahit No 62, Mataram 83125, Indonesia
  • Jati Batoro Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Brawijaya, Jl. Veteran Malang 65145
  • Firman Jaya Minat Teknologi Hasil Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya, Jl. Veteran Malang 65145, Indonesia
  • Dewi Masyithoh Jurusan Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Islam Malang (dan P.T. Kembang Joyo Sriwijaya), Jalan Mayjen Haryono No 193, Malang 65144, Indonesia
Keywords: Ambon Island, morphology, morphometric, stingless bees

Abstract

This study aimed to describe the morphological characters and morphometric measurements of worker level from the genus and species of stingless bee colonies in coastal areas. Observation of morphological characters and morphometric measurements used a microscope (stereo model Nikon C-LEEDS equipped with obtilab viewers software camera and image raster). The stingless bee species found in coastal areas belonged to the genus Tetragonula which consisted of Tetragonula sapiens and T. clypearis. T. sapiens was found in two locations, namely the coast of Airlow Hamlet and Negeri Rutong. T. clypearis was found in four locations, i.e., on the coast of Dusun Airlow, Negeri Rutong, Negeri Hukurila and Dusun Seri. Morphological identification was done by identifying ten morphological characters, and morphometric identification was done by measuring fourteen body parts. The results of this study indicated that the morphological and morphometric characters of T. sapiens workers were dominantly black in color with a body size of 3.74-4.25 mm. The first through the sixth abdomen tergites were black. The morphological and morphometric characters T. clypearis had a brownish black body color with a body size of 2.81-3.38 mm, a black thorax covered by six longitudinal hair bands and each separated by five conspicuous glabrous, the first and second abdomen tergites were brownish whereas the third through the sixth were black.

Keywords: Ambon Island, morphology, morphometric, stingless bees.

 

ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan karakter morfologi dan pengukuran morfometrik strata pekerja dari genus dan spesies lebah tak bersengat koloni daerah pesisir. Pengamatan karakter morfologi dan pengukuran morfometrik menggunakan mikroskop (stereo model Nikon C-LEEDS yang dilengkapi kamera software obtilab viewers dan image raster). Spesies lebah tak bersengat yang ditemukan di daerah pesisir pantai tergolong dalam genus Tetragonula yang terdiri dari Tetragonula sapiens dan T. clypearis. T. sapiens ditemukan di dua lokasi yaitu pesisir pantai Dusun Airlow dan Negeri Rutong. T. clypearis ditemukan di empat lokasi, yaitu di pesisir pantai Dusun Airlow, Negeri Rutong, Negeri Hukurila dan Dusun Seri. Identifikasi morfologi dilakukan dengan mengidentifikasi sepuluh karakter morfologi dan identifikasi morfometrik dilakukan dengan cara mengukur empat belas bagian tubuh. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan karakter morfologi dan morfometrik tubuh pekerja T. sapiens dominan berwarna hitam dengan ukuran tubuh 3.74-4.25 mm. Abdomen dan tergite satu sampai enam berwarna hitam. Karakter morfologi dan morfometrik T. clypearis memiliki warna tubuh hitam kecoklatan dengan ukuran tubuh 2.81-3.38 mm, thorax berwarna hitam yang ditutupi oleh enam hair bands longitudinal dan masing-masing dipisahkan oleh lima glabrous yang mencolok, abdomen dan tergite pertama sampai kedua berwarna kecoklatan sedangkan tergite ketiga sampai enam berwarna hitam.

Kata kunci: Lebah tak bersengat, morfologi, morfometrik, Pulau Ambon.

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Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
LamerkabelJ., SiahayaV., SaepulohW., LastriyantoA., JunusM., ErwanE., BatoroJ., JayaF., & MasyithohD. (2021). Karakteristik Morfologi dan Morfometrik Lebah Madu Tak Bersengat (Apidae; Melliponinae) pada Koloni di Daerah Pesisir Pulau Ambon. JURNAL BUDIDAYA PERTANIAN, 17(1), 28-35. https://doi.org/10.30598/jbdp.2021.17.1.28