Gambaran Abnormalitas Elektrokardiogram Pada Pasien Gagal Jantung Dewasa di RSUD DR. M. HAULUSSY Kota Ambon Tahun 2019-2021

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Abdillah F.A Hasanusi
Ir wan
Nathalie E. Kailola

Abstract

Abstrak


Gagal jantung merupakan salah satu spektrum kardiovaskular dan penyebab utama morbiditas dan mortalitas di seluruh dunia. Elektrokardiogram (EKG) merupakan pemeriksaan penunjang dalam mendiagnosis gagal jantung. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran abnormalitas EKG pada pasien gagal jantung dewasa di RSUD DR. M. Haulussy Kota Ambon tahun 2019-2021. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan desain cross sectional dan 126 sampel dipilih dengan teknik simple random sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan gambaran abnormalitas EKG terbanyak yaitu T inverted 37,3%, Q patologis 31%, prolonged QT interval 25,4%, LVH 23,8%, fibrilasi atrium 19,8%, poor R wave 13,5%, ST depresi 12,7%, AV block grade 1 10, 3%, ventricular extra systole/premature ventricular contraction 9,5%, ST elevasi 8,7%, sinus takikardia 6,3%, left atrial enlargement 5,6%, sinus bradikardia 4%, complete RBBB 4%, atrial extra systole/premature atrial contraction 3,2, complete LBBB 2,4%, incomplete LBBB 2,4%, AV block grade 2 type 1 1,6%, mikrovoltase 1,6%, RVH 0,8%, dan supraventricular tachycardy 0,8%.


 


 


Abstract


Heart failure is one of the cardiovascular spectrum and a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Electrocardiogram (ECG) is a supporting examination in diagnosing heart failure. This study aims to determine the description of ECG abnormalities in adult heart failure patients in RSUD DR. M. Haulussy Ambon City in 2019-2021. This research is a descriptive study with a cross sectional design and 126 samples were selected using a simple random sampling technique. The results showed that the most ECG abnormalities were T inverted 37.3%, pathological Q 31%, prolonged QT interval 25.4%, LVH 23.8%, atrial fibrillation 19.8%, poor R wave 13.5%. , ST depression 12.7%, AV block grade 1 10.3%, ventricular extra systole/premature ventricular contraction 9.5%, ST elevation 8.7%, sinus tachycardia 6.3%, left atrial enlargement 5.6% , sinus bradycardia 4%, complete RBBB 4%, atrial extra systole/premature atrial contraction 3.2, complete LBBB 2.4%, incomplete LBBB 2.4%, AV block grade 2 type 1 1.6%,


microvoltage 1, 6%, RVH 0.8%, and supraventricular tachycardy 0.8%.


 

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1.
Hasanusi A, wan I, Kailola N. Gambaran Abnormalitas Elektrokardiogram Pada Pasien Gagal Jantung Dewasa di RSUD DR. M. HAULUSSY Kota Ambon Tahun 2019-2021. PAMERI [Internet]. 6Jun.2022 [cited 15Aug.2022];4(1):17-6. Available from: https://ojs3.unpatti.ac.id/index.php/pameri/article/view/6006
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