• Lovieanta Arriza Educational Research and Evaluation Program, Graduate School, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Heri Retnawati Educational Research and Evaluation Program, Graduate School, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Rizki Tika Ayuni Educational Research and Evaluation Program, Graduate School, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Keywords: Item Analysis, Item Response Theory, Rasch Model, Dichotomus


Analysis of item characteristics on test instruments is carried out to determine high-quality items. This study aims to describe the parameters of specialized high school mathematics test items using the IRT approach. It is an exploratory descriptive study employing a quantitative approach. The research subjects were 36 students of grade XI high school who took the specialization mathematics subject. Response data with dichotomous scoring were analyzed using the IRT approach with the R program to obtain information about item parameters and student ability. The results of the model fit test showed that most of the specialization mathematics exam items fit the Rasch model. The results showed that all items met the criteria of good quality because they had good difficulty parameters. Relatively, the test items were suitable for students with abilities between -2.6 and 2.8 logits. This estimation is also supported by the TIF with a maximum value of 3.049 at 0.08 logit ability and SEM of 0.541. Test items that have been proven to be of high quality can be used as examples in both teaching and diagnostic assessments. Further research could consider the discrimination parameter when analyzing the characteristics of the questions.


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