• Nanang Fatchurrohman Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Putra Indonesia YPTK Padang
  • Low Tze Chin Faculty of Manufacturing and Mechatronic Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang
  • Jufriadif Na’am Putra Indonesia YPTK Padang University
Keywords: metal inert gas (MIG) welding, design of experiment (DoE), Taguchi method, corrosion level, optimum welding parameter


Mild steel has a wide range of uses such as in the construction field, automotive field, machinery industry, cookware, and pipeline. Metal Inert Gas (MIG) welding act as an assembly method of mild steel. Corrosion level is a common problem that occurs in MIG welding on mild steel. In this study, the suitable welding parameters such as voltage, number of passes, and method of welding were chosen in the experimental testing and the experimental testing was planned by using the Design of Experiment (DoE) as part of Taguchi method. The welded mild steel specimens were evaluated using a corrosion test. The data analysis was done by using Taguchi method. For the parameter to be the optimum welding parameter, the corrosion level was as low as possible. In this case, the S/N ratio smaller is better common interest is chosen. By using the Minitab 18 software, the S/N ratio was calculated. Hence from the result, the optimum parameter is 9V voltage, three passes and the welding method was circle push.


Download data is not yet available.



Jasic Welding and Cutting Inverters, "MIG Equipment System Explained," [Online]. Available: https://www.jasic.co.uk/post/migequipment-system-explained. [Accessed 22 April 2022].

K. B. Pipavat, D. Pandya and M. V. Patel, "Optimization of MIG welding Process Parameter using Taguchi Techniques," International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 1-6, May 2014.

R. Sen, S. P. Choudhury, R. Kumar and A. Panda, "A comprehensive review on the feasibility study of metal inert gas welding," Materials Today: Proceedings, vol. 5, no. 9, p. 17792–17801, May 2018.

N. Kaewsakul, R. Putrontaraj and K. Kimapong, "The effects of GMAW parameters on penetration, hardness and microstructure of AS3678-A350 high strength steel.," International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology, vol. 3, no. 1, p. 169–178, June 2015.

B. Mishra, R. R. Panda and D. K. Mohanta, "Metal Inert Gas (MIG) welding parameters optimization," International Journal of Multidisciplinary and Current Research, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 637-639, May 2014.

N. Ghosh, P. K. Pal, G. Nandi and R. Rudrapati, "Parametric optimization of gas metal arc welding process by PCA based Taguchi method on austenitic stainless steel AISI 316L," Materials Today: Proceedings, v, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 1620–1625, January 2018.

K. Sivasakthivel, K. Janarthanan and R. Rajkumar, "Optimization of welding parameter in MIG welding by Taguchi method," Proceedings of International Conference on Advances in Materials, Manufacturing and Applications, vol. 1, p. 761–765, April 2015.

A. J. Sorgdrager, R. .. Wang and A. J. Grobler, "Multiobjective design of a line-start PM motor using Taguchi method," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 54, no. 5, p. 4167–4176, May 2018.

H. Nguyen, V. Pham and N. Ngo, "Application of TOPSIS to Taguchi method for multi-characteristic optimization of electrical discharge machining with titanium powder mixed into dielectric fluid," The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, vol. 98, no. 5, pp. 1179–1198, September 2018., vol. 98, no. 5, p. 1179–1198, September 2018.

P. Y. Fauziah, M. Fathullah, M. M. A. Abdullah, M. A. Faris, F. Tahir, Z. Shayfull, S. M. Nasir, M. Shazzuan and A. Z. W. Wazien, "Cutting tool wear optimization in the machining of fly ash geopolymer using Taguchi method," AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2030, no. 1, pp. 020067-1– 6, April 2018.

D. S. a. P. V. R. D. M. Krishnudu, "Optimization the mechanical properties of coir-luffa cylindrical filled hybrid composites by using Taguchi method," AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1952, no. 1, pp. 020058-1 –8 , April 2018.

S. Kapsalis, P. Panagiotou and K. Yakinthos, "CFD-aided optimization of a tactical Blended-Wing-Body UAV platform using Taguchi method," Aerospace Science and Technology, vol. 108, pp. 106395-1–12, January 2021.

C. C. Ikeagwuani, D. C. Nwonu, C. K. Ugwu and C. C. Agu, "Process parameters optimization for eco-friendly high strength sandcrete block using Taguchi method," Heliyon, vol. 6, no. 6, p. e04276-1–14, June 2020., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. e04276-1–14, June 2020.

S. Dutta and S. K. R. Narala, "Optimizing turning parameters in the machining of AM alloy using Taguchi methodology,," Measurement, vol. 169, pp. 108340-2–8, August 2021.

M. B. S. B. S. a. A. S. A. W. Mersni, "Optimization of the surface roughness in ball end milling of titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V using Taguchi Method," Procedia Manufacturing , vol. 20, p. 271–276, January 2018.

How to Cite
N. Fatchurrohman, L. Chin, and J. Na’am, “TAGUCHI METHOD APPLIED FOR THE INVESTIGATION OF CORROSION LEVEL ON METAL INERT GAS WELDING OF MILD STEEL”, BAREKENG: J. Math. & App., vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 845-852, Sep. 2022.